Global promotion of the Nanga Parbat National Park was necessary at that time

Global promotion of Nanga Parbat National Park can bring socio-economic and environmental benefits to Pakistan and local communities.

Rahat Karim Baig, deputy director of Baltistan Tourism Department, said: “The park is an enchanting tourist hotspot for activities ranging from mountaineering, hiking and trekking to camping. Its promotion will help increase the number of tourists and stimulate income-generating activities. But planning is also necessary to ensure that both foreign and local tourists come in such numbers that the ecology is not harmed. Tour operators, tourist guides and even tourists need to be guided to show responsibility there so that the park remains a sustainable asset for the environment and economic outcomes.”

Khadim Abbas, Conservator of Wildlife and Parks, Gilgit Baltistan (GB), told WealthPK: “The Nanga Parbat National Park (NPNP) covers an area of ​​approximately 178,561 hectares and was notified in 2021. It is located in the districts of Diamer and Astore. There is a need for a new set of rules to address the true purpose of a national park and provide the related communities with a source of sustainable income.”

Gradually, he said, the change will happen. A new set of regulations needs to be defined in line with local standards. It is necessary to preserve both ecological and traditional aspects of local culture and values. Otherwise, the purpose of sustainability will not be well served.

He said: “The park consists of four climatic zones: Alpine Mountains, Alpine Scrub Zone, Dry Temperate Coniferous Forest and Montane Dry Sub-Tropical Scrub Zone Requisition. The rare herbal growth here and the attractive mountaineering, hiking and tourist spots are all sustainable sources of livelihood for the related communities here. There is too much potential to turn this place into a tourist and socio-economic hotspot by keeping the area safe.”

Speaking to WealthPK, Principal Scientific Officer and Program Leader of the National Medicinal, Aromatic, and Herbs Program, Dr. Riffat Tahira of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council (PARC) that the right to an ecological zone as a national park guarantees the conservation of natural flora and fauna. fauna.

She said Nanga Parbat National Park is rich in a variety of flora. Some common ones include spruce, birch, blue pine, juniper, spruce, willow and sea buckthorn.

She said: ‘Fir is rich in vitamins A, E and C and is a natural expectorant, antibacterial and antiseptic agent that helps in the production of medicines, cosmetics, personal care products and food flavorings, as well as in the preparation of jelly and other edible products. articles. The tips are usually used to prepare different products. Due to the excessive harvesting of young spruce trees instead of the old ones, this species will gradually become extinct.

“The leaves, buds, twigs and bark of birch serve to produce the medications needed to soothe joint pain, arthritis, bladder stones and urinary tract infections (UTIs). Because it is naturally a strong antiseptic and antibacterial agent, it was overharvested during the pandemic. The indigenous people do not harvest it for firewood, but make and sell the value-added forms for medicinal purposes.”

Dr. Tahira said that Blue Pine produced a resin and was a great source of turpentine. Varnish is usually made from turpentine. The other byproducts are wax and vanillin flavorings used to flavor food.

A dark green or brownish dye is extracted from the needles and the dry ones are used as cushion filler. Resin and many other compounds are also extracted from this plant and raw or roasted blue pine seeds are also eaten. The resin drips out and sticks to the leaves like dew drops. Because it has a sweet taste, it is also edible.

The medicines prepared from Blue Pine are usually antiseptic and used to cure urinary tract infections, respiratory diseases and tuberculosis. It helps cleanse the digestive system of worms and its vapors soothe the mucous membrane. For commercial growth, it is easy to spread.

She said: “The medicinal properties of Juniper help cure a variety of gastrointestinal problems, urinary tract infections, diabetes, cancer, joint and muscle pain, high blood pressure, snake bites, bladder and kidney stones.

Juniper berries are used as a spice. Juniper berry essential oil is used in cosmetics and personal care products, and the flavorings produced from it are widely used by the food and beverage industry. The spruces in the National Park also retain the same properties as the juniper.”

Dr. Tahira said the bark of the willow plant was also used to manufacture medicines for tendonitis, pain relief, inflammation and influenza.

Sea buckthorn is a thick, bushy plant with extensive medicinal properties and a broad-spectrum antibiotic to cure a wide range of infectious diseases, cancer, obesity, liver and neurofunctions. The plant bears small berries and all parts of it are useful in addition to medicinal benefits. It is rich in antioxidants, carotenes, polyphenols, vitamins and nutritional components. The natives eat the fruit, which is also tasty for livestock.
She proposed an ongoing campaign to raise awareness of the importance of preserving ecology, both for environmental and socio-economic benefits.